There are several reasons why it may be better for you to have your wisdom teeth removed, depending on your case. Unfortunately, many people who should have their wisdom teeth removed delay getting the procedure done, and can leave it so long that they are in extreme pain and risk complications. If you have pain or cysts in the back of your mouth, it may be time to visit your dentist.
Why Your Dentist May Recommend Wisdom Tooth Extractions
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth in your mouth to erupt. There can be many problems when these teeth erupt. Most of these issues arise from not having enough space in the mouth for the wisdom teeth to erupt in the correct position. This can lead to multiple complications if left untreated and can result in having your wisdom teeth extracted. Some of the reasons that our dentists may recommend having your wisdom teeth extracted are listed down below.
Overcrowding From Emerging Wisdom Teeth
As mentioned, wisdom teeth usually erupt once all other teeth are in their permanent position. This can lead to wisdom teeth not having enough space to erupt correctly. If left in the mouth the wisdom teeth can cause your other teeth to shift or become misaligned. Similarly, if the wisdom teeth are not extracted and there is not enough space for them they can start to push up against your molars resulting in decay and resorption of the teeth in your mouth. If left untreated this can result in not only the extraction of your wisdom tooth but depending on the extent of decay/resorption of your molar tooth it may need to be extracted. Therefore it is important to assess your wisdom teeth from a young age to see their possible path of eruption.
Impacted Wisdom Teeth
When there is not enough room for the wisdom teeth to erupt they can get stuck underneath the gums. This leads to a gum flap covering the wisdom tooth that can get food and bacteria to become stuck under the gum. This can lead to infection and pain and becomes a recurring issue known as pericoronitis. Because they are at higher risk for becoming infected, these are usually extracted.
Dental Emergencies - Wisdom Teeth Removal
1. Get Rid Of Your Severe Dental Pain
If you are suffering from significant pain around the wisdom tooth area at the back of your teeth or in your jaw, you may need to see an emergency dentist soon. Pain in these areas while chewing food, speaking or yawning are common symptoms of issues with developing wisdom teeth.
If wisdom teeth are erupting at an angle, they may be pressing on adjacent teeth, causing misalignment and pain.
A critical reason to get an emergency wisdom tooth extraction is to eliminate the pain. Some patients worry that they will experience pain during and after the extraction, but this is not as painful as the wisdom tooth pain you will have if you try to ignore them.
2. Avoid Loose Teeth
An impacted wisdom tooth can grow in at slanted and horizontal angles, putting pressure on adjacent teeth and causing overcrowding. Your other teeth start to shift and become misaligned. The flawed development of these teeth can cause surrounding teeth to move out of alignment and you may even start to feel them loosen.
See an emergency dentist for immediate action if you start to experience your teeth feeling loose.
3. Control Bacterial Infection Spread
Wisdom teeth that don’t erupt fully create gum flaps that can become a home for bacteria, which can spread. Bacteria can spread to the lymph nodes via the bloodstream; if you notice swollen glands, this is a symptom that the infection is spreading.
Emergency dental treatment to perform the necessary tooth extractions and control infection will be necessary.
Impacted or partially erupted wisdom teeth are known to contribute to periodontal disease. It can lead to advanced periodontitis, an infection that impacts gums and jaw bones. It can seriously impact gums, bone tissue, and overall oral health. At this stage, periodontal gum disease leads to bone and tooth loss, and cannot be cured, although it can be managed.
An infection from a partially erupted wisdom tooth also can lead to pericoronitis, an infection of the gum tissue around the wisdom teeth. It causes significant swelling that can reach your neck and cheek areas. If untreated, it can quickly become dangerous, leading to abscesses, and can be fatal.
4. Prevent or Treat Cysts and Abscesses
Left untreated, infection from an impacted wisdom tooth can cause cysts and abscesses to form in the mouth and gums around the wisdom tooth. Cysts are fluid-filled sacs that cause irritation and discomfort and eventually lead to oral infections and gum or tooth abscesses. An abscess is a very painful buildup of pus from infection, which needs draining and treatment. These abscesses can spread infection throughout your mouth.
Getting emergency dental care before severe abscesses form is better for your overall oral health. Abscesses can be life-threatening.
5. Treat Tooth Fractures or Other Issues
Even if your wisdom teeth are not impacted or causing crowding, if you have had dental trauma to the tooth, have heavy decay, or have other issues in a wisdom tooth, you may need an extraction.
Because they are hard to reach, wisdom teeth can be hard to care for and suffer tooth decay. You may also develop a crack or fracture. In these cases, an extraction may be necessary to prevent further oral issues from developing.
At Onyx Dental clinic we can examine and assess how wisdom teeth are developing, so that any necessary action can be taken before it becomes an emergency. We are also a caring emergency dentist; if you experience pain eating, speaking, yawning, or brushing your teeth, let us know, and we can help you with your dental emergency as soon as possible.